1.1 Fear of stigmatisation
According to international research most lesbian women have had experienced various forms of discrimination (Stein-Hilbers 1999, Eurobaromter on Discrimination 2006) and/or violence because of their psychosexual identity. Discrimination is an expression of marginalisation. A self-conception of a lesbian community is one of a social minority facing marginalisation. This may explain the fear of lesbians that they could face even more discrimination if there is an open discussion about violence in their partnerships. Speaking out about domestic violence could promote the bias that lesbians per se are violently/criminal. The fear of misuse for lesbophobic and homophobic ‘propaganda’ may have also kept this issue from being discussed openly for such a long time.